This article describes how to open a file from a terminal emulator in Mac, Linux, and Windows.
open command in Terminal. By running
Readme.txt opens with an application associated with Readme.txt. URL can be specified. For example,
opens Google website with your default web browzer. A directory can also be specified. For example,
opens current directly in Finder.
Sometimes you may want to open a file with a program which is different from the associated one, for example, when you want to edit html file with a text editor. By using
-t option, you can open a file with a default text editor.
open -t filename
You can also open a file with a specified application by using
You can make a shell script to open a file with your favorite text editor. For example, to open a file with Brackets, make a text file
br like this,
#!/bin/sh open $1 -a /Applications/Brackets.app
make it executable (
chmod +x br) and put in your path (check it by
echo $PATH). Then you can use the
br command as
Following help is shown by
Usage: open [-e] [-t] [-f] [-W] [-R] [-n] [-g] [-h] [-s <partial SDK name>][-b <bundle identifier>] [-a <application>] [filenames] [--args arguments] Help: Open opens files from a shell. By default, opens each file using the default application for that file. If the file is in the form of a URL, the file will be opened as a URL. Options: -a Opens with the specified application. -b Opens with the specified application bundle identifier. -e Opens with TextEdit. -t Opens with default text editor. -f Reads input from standard input and opens with TextEdit. -F --fresh Launches the app fresh, that is, without restoring windows. Saved persistent state is lost, excluding Untitled documents. -R, --reveal Selects in the Finder instead of opening. -W, --wait-apps Blocks until the used applications are closed (even if they were already running). --args All remaining arguments are passed in argv to the application's main() function instead of opened. -n, --new Open a new instance of the application even if one is already running. -j, --hide Launches the app hidden. -g, --background Does not bring the application to the foreground. -h, --header Searches header file locations for headers matching the given filenames, and opens them. -s For -h, the SDK to use; if supplied, only SDKs whose names contain the argument value are searched. Otherwise the highest versioned SDK in each platform is used.
With cdto you can add a toolbar in the Finder to open the current directory in the Terminal.
xdg-open can be used to open a file with default applications. xdg-open is a part of xdg-utils.
This command is a little bit too long to type, and therefore you may want to create alias such as
.bashrc. In Gnome,
gnome-open is also available.
- gnome-open - manual page at Ubuntu xenial